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Blog - Arquivo da categoria Austrália

Petrobras enters Australia via MEO JV

quarta-feira, 19 de outubro de 2011 - 13:10
postado por Younger Intercâmbio

BRAZILIAN national oil giant Petrobras will make its first Australian foray by paying up to $US80 million to take a 50 per cent stake in an exploration permit offshore Western Australia.

The deal, which could involve more milestone payments to the Brazilian’s partner MEO Australia

will give Petrobras a foothold in an Australian gas market that’s fast developing into a major global export player, thanks largely to sustained demand for energy from fast-growing Asian economies.

MEO has been searching for a partner to help it develop its acreage in the Carnarvon Basin, located on Australia’s gas-rich North West Shelf, for over a year and market watchers had suspected that Petrobras could be in the running.

Its Artemis prospect could contain up to 12 trillion cubic feet of gas, according to MEO. That would be more than enough to support a stand-alone liquefied natural gas export project, or provide a bountiful third party gas supply source to other LNG projects in the area.

Exploration success, however, isn’t guaranteed and MEO got disappointing results from its first exploration well there, Zeus-1, early in 2009.

Petrobras will buy 50 per cent of the permit WA-360-P by funding up to $US41m of the first well’s costs, paying MEO $US31.5m cash and covering about $US7.5m of MEO’s share of previous costs, adding up to $US80m in total.

In the event of a successful discovery, Petrobras will pay for two follow-up wells to a cap of $US62m and another $US31.5m cash to MEO in January 2011, MEO said in a statement.

MEO will remain operator until completion of the first well, Artemis-1, and then Petrobras has the option to assume operatorship.

An option has been secured over a drilling rig to drill the first well in late 2010, MEO said.

Petrobras’ investment had been held up after a minority holder in the exploration permit,Cue Energy Resources requested changes to some of the deal’s provisions.

MEO said today that Petrobras taking 50 per cent of the permit will reduce its holding to 20 per cent. Cue and Moby Oil & Gas will retain their 15 per cent holdings, MEO said.

Anzac Day – 25 de Abril

terça-feira, 26 de abril de 2011 - 18:04
postado por Younger Intercâmbio

 

 

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old;

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them.

 

What is ANZAC Day?

ANZAC Day – 25 April – is probably Australia’s most important national occasion. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.

What does ANZAC stand for?

ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers in those forces quickly became known as ANZACs, and the pride they took in that name endures to this day.

Why is this day special to Australians?

When war broke out in 1914, Australia had been a federal commonwealth for only 13 years. The new national government was eager to establish its reputation among the nations of the world. In 1915 Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula in order to open the Dardanelles to the allied navies. The ultimate objective was to capture Constantinople (now Istanbul in Turkey), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, an ally of Germany.

The Australian and New Zealand forces landed on Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Turkish defenders. What had been planned as a bold stroke to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915 the allied forces were evacuated, after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian soldiers had been killed. News of the landing on Gallipoli had made a profound impact on Australians at home, and 25 April soon became the day on which Australians remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in the war.

Although the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives, the Australian and New Zealand actions during the campaign left us all a powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as the “ANZAC legend” became an important part of the identity of both nations, shaping the ways they viewed both their past and their future.

Early commemorations

The 25th of April was officially named ANZAC Day in 1916. It was marked by a wide variety of ceremonies and services in Australia, a march through London, and a sports day in the Australian camp in Egypt. In London over 2,000 Australian and New Zealand troops marched through the streets. A London newspaper headline dubbed them “the knights of Gallipoli”. Marches were held all over Australia; in the Sydney march, convoys of cars carried wounded soldiers from Gallipoli attended by nurses. For the remaining years of the war, ANZAC Day was used as an occasion for patriotic rallies and recruiting campaigns, and parades of serving members of the AIF were held in most cities.

During the 1920s ANZAC Day became established as a national day of commemoration for the 60,000 Australians who had died during the war. In 1927, for the first time every state observed some form of public holiday on ANZAC Day. By the mid-1930s, all the rituals we now associate with the day – dawn vigils, marches, memorial services, reunions, two-up games – were firmly established as part of ANZAC Day culture.

With the coming of the Second World War, ANZAC Day also served to commemorate the lives of Australians who died in that war. In subsequent years the meaning of the day has been further broadened to include Australians killed in all the military operations in which Australia has been involved.

ANZAC Day was first commemorated at the Memorial in 1942. There were government orders prohibiting large public gatherings in case of a Japanese air attack, so it was a small occasion, with neither a march nor a memorial service. Since then, ANZAC Day has been commemorated at the Memorial every year.

What does it mean today?

Australians recognise 25 April as an occasion of national remembrance, which takes two forms. Commemorative services are held at dawn – the time of the original landing – across the nation. Later in the day, ex-servicemen and women meet to take part in marches through the major cities and in many smaller centres. Commemorative ceremonies are more formal and are held at war memorials around the country. In these ways, ANZAC Day is a time when Australians reflect on the many different meanings of war.

Fonte: http://www.awm.gov.au/commemoration/anzac/anzac-tradition/

Tiranossauro Rex numa escola na Austrália

segunda-feira, 4 de abril de 2011 - 17:04
postado por Younger Intercâmbio

Já pensou estar tranquilo na sua escola e, de repente, perceber que um tiranossauro rex invadiu o lugar? Alunos de uma escola na Austrália também nunca tinham imaginado a cena, mas foram surpreendidos quando estavam reunidos ouvindo sobre o espetáculo “Walking with dinosaurs” (“Andando com dinossauros”, em português).

É claro que tudo era uma grande brincadeira, com bonecos mecânicos que imitam os enormes animais jurássicos. Mesmo assim, muitos dos 350 estudantes que ficaram cara a cara com o falso filhote de tiranossauro levaram um susto e tanto. Assista abaixo ao vídeo da BBC que mostra o momento da visitinha surpresa.

A produção da empresa australiana Global Creatures está de volta à Austrália pela primeira vez desde que se transformou num enorme sucesso internacional faturando mais de US$ 350 milhões.

O espetáculo usa 20 dinossauros mecânicos, além de efeitos especiais e teatrais, para trazer à vida dez espécies diferentes, entre eles, um braquiossauro de 17 metros de altura e 11 de comprimento.

Fontes: Uol e Estadão

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Bandeira Australiana

quinta-feira, 31 de março de 2011 - 20:03
postado por Younger Intercâmbio



A bandeira Australiana, nas cores azul, vermelha e branca, possui uma grande estrela com sete pontas simbolizando a federação de Estados e Territórios, um conjunto de cinco estrelas, conhecido como Cruzeiro do Sul e que representa a posição demográfica da Austrália no Hemisfério Sul, e uma pequena bandeira da Grã-Bretanha.Foi concedida após um concurso com mais de 32 mil participantes. No entanto, as cores nacionais da Austrália são o verde e o dourado (amarelo ouro), coincidentemente, as cores que representam o Brasil no resto do mundo.

Fonte: Guia Austrália

26 de março: Earth Hour

quinta-feira, 24 de março de 2011 - 17:03
postado por Younger Intercâmbio

At 8.30pm on Saturday 26 March, one billion people will have their lights punched out.

This large-scale lights-out is Earth Hour, a Sydney initiative started in 2007 and today, a global phenomenon involving 4,000 cities. “We had this idea that turning the lights off would cause people to turn on their minds to issues of sustainability and climate change,” says Earth Hour’s creator Greg Bourne, CEO of WWF Australia.

Ten years since Sydney’s millennial fireworks sparked the idea, Bourne’s baby does much more than that – for many more people. “Global connectivity is really key in our thinking. If the lights going out in Sydney can be replicated around the world, catalysing important discussions and involving children, Earth Hour will make a difference.”

Here are Time Out’s tips on how to get involved…

Around Town

Earth Hour is now the world’s biggest environmental campaign, with the Sydney Opera House, Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, Times Square in New York and Rome’s Colosseum all extinguishing their lights in support. “Switching off your lights is a great first step, but your true environmental impact is much bigger than just your energy bill,” says Bourne. “We want to make Earth Hour every hour.”

Green

“Each individual’s environmental impact – or environmental footprint – is made up of things such as the food you eat, the transport and housing you choose, and the goods and services you buy,” says Bourne. “This year we’re encouraging people to use our footprint calculator to see just how sustainable their lifestyle is.”

Restaurants

Billy Kwong in Sydney is a carbon neutral restaurant and Cento in Melbourne sources all its food within 100km. Bourne recommends home chefs buy in-season produce that doesn’t need to be transported around the world “or take a leaf out of your grandmother’s book and use a hot post-roast oven to warm a dessert.”

Time In

“Doing small things around the house can make a big difference. Change to rechargeable batteries, or recycle normal batteries for the zinc. Turn things off rather than on standby.”

Travel

“Double the efficiency of your car,” says Bourne. “Put another person in it!”